Sabtu, 31 Maret 2012

7 highest peaks in the world that becomes the target of climbers

The Seven Summits of the World known as the highest peaks are found in every continent on Earth. The concept was first proposed by Richard Bass in the 1980's and has the goal of every mountaineer to climb each mereka.Bass during the lifetime of the first person to climb all the summits and once held the record for the oldest person to climb Everest. seven Summits DuniaAdapun seven peaks, no doubt, you may have heard of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania and Mount Everest in Nepal. Read about the end - how tall they are, where the most challenging and why to make the climb to the highest peak in the world.

1. Mount Everest (8850 m) (Asia)

blog-apa-aja.blogspot.comMount Everest (English: Mount Everest) is the world's highest mountain (when measured from the sea face). Summit ridge marks the border between Nepal and Tibet; peak in Tibet. In Nepal, the mountain is called Sagarmatha (सगरमाथा, Sanskrit for "Forehead Heaven") and in Tibetan Chomolangma or Qomolangma ("Mother of the Universe"), pronounced in Chinese language 珠穆朗玛峰 (pinyin: Zhūmùlǎngmǎ Feng). Mountain is getting the name of the language English of the name of Sir George Everest. This name was given by Sir Andrew Waugh, the surveyor-general British India, the successor of Everest. Mount Everest is one of the Seven Summits in dunia.Radhanath Main Sikdar, surveyors and mathematicians from Bengal, was the first to declare Mount Everest as the tallest peak through trigonometric calculations in 1852. This calculation is done using a theodolite from a distance of 150 miles away in India. Most of the people of India believe that the peak should be named after Sikdar, not Everest.
This mountain has an altitude of about 8850 m, although there are variations in size (both Nepal and the Chinese government has not officially endorsed this measure, the height of Mount Everest is still regarded by their 8848 m). Mount Everest was first measured in 1856 has a height of 8839 m, but is expressed as 8840 m (29 002 ft). Additional 0.6 m (2 feet) shows that at that exact altitude of 29,000 feet would be considered as estimates are rounded. A common estimate at this point is 8850 m which is obtained by reading the Global Positioning System (GPS). Mount Everest is still rising higher due to the movement of tectonic plates tersebut.Gunung Everest region is a mountain whose summit reached the farthest distance from the sea face. Two other mountains are sometimes also referred to as "the highest mountain in the world" is Mauna Loa in Hawaii, the highest measured from its base at the bottom of the sea, but only reached an altitude of 4170 m above sea face and Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador, a peak 2150 m higher than the center of the earth than Mount Everest, because it inflates the Earth's equatorial region. However, Chimborazo only reached an altitude of 6272 m above sea face, so it is not even the highest peaks in Andes.Dasar deepest oceans deeper than the height of Everest: the Challenger Deep, located in the Mariana Trench, so if the mountain in the Himalayas to put in it , there are nearly 1.6 miles of water covering it.



2. Aconcagua (6959 m) (South America)

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 At 6962 m (22 841 ft), Cerro Aconcagua is the highest mountain in America, and the highest mountain outside Asia. It is located in the Andes mountains, in the Argentine province of Mendoza. The summit is located about 5 kilometers from San Juan Province and 15 kilometers from the international border with Chile. It lies 112 kilometers (70 miles) west of the northern city of Mendoza. Aconcagua is the highest peak in both the Western and Southern Hemisphere. This is one of the Seven Summits.Aconcagua limited by the Valle de las Vacas to the north and east and the Valle de los Horcones Inferior to the West and South. Mountain and its surroundings are part of the Aconcagua Provincial Park. Mountain has a number of glaciers. Inferior Ventisquero largest glacier is about 10km long Horcones who fell from a height of 3600m south face near the camp Confluencia. Two other large glacier systems are de las Vacas Ventisquero and Glaciar Sur Este / Ventisquero Relinchos system about 5 kilometers long. However, the most famous is the north-eastern or Polish Glacier, a common route .The Mountain created by the subduction of the Nazca Plate beneath the South American plate during the geologically recent Andean orogeny, but not a volcano. The origins of the name is disputed, it is either of Arauca Aconca - Hue, which refers to the Aconcagua River and means' coming from the other side ', which Cahuak Ackon Quechua, meaning' Sentinel of Stone ', or Quechua Anco Cahuac,' White Sentinel '. first endeavour history on Aconcagua by a European in 1883 was made by a party led by the German geologist and explorer Paul Güssfeldt. Bribing the porters with the story that there was treasure on the mountain, he approached the mountain via the Rio Volcan, making two attempts on the summit ridge to the north-west and reached an altitude of 6500 meters (21 300 feet). The route that he prospected is now the normal route up the first ascent gunung.Tercatat was in 1897 in the British expedition led by Edward FitzGerald. The peak reached by the Swiss guide Matthias Zurbriggen on January 14 and by two other expedition members a few days to reach the top of the youngest kemudian. Aconcaguan was Matthew Moniz of Boulder, Colorado. He was 10 years old when he reached the summit on December 16 the oldest 2008.Orang Scott Lewis's climb to reach the summit on 26 November 2007. He was 87 tahun.Budaya popular mountain has a cameo in the 1942 Disney cartoon called Pedro. [9] The cartoon stars an anthropomorphic small airplane named Pedro who was forced to make air mail run over the Andes and a nearly disastrous encounter with Aconcagua. Mountain (also anthropomorphic, and scary-looking), then appeared in an illustration used in retelling the story in a book anthology of Disney.

3. Mount McKinley, Denali (6.194 m) (North America)
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Mountain Range: Alaska Range
Location: Alaska, United States, North America
Height: 6,194 meters or 20,320 feet
 

Denali is the Native American word for "The High." It was once named Mount McKinley after U.S. President William McKinley, but renamed in 1980. Mount Denali is known for cold weather, contains five major glaciers. A thermometer is left in the mountains for over 19 years of record that never reached-73.3C (-100F). Severe altitude sickness is also prevalent on Denali latitude because it is much higher. A mountain like Denali in equater will have about 47% more oxygen at the summit, compared to sea level.


4.Kilimanjaro (5.895 m) (Africa)


blog-apa-aja.blogspot.comLocation: Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, Africa
Height: 5,895 meters or 19,640 feet

Kilimanjaro consists of three volcanic cones that are not active and is the highest peak in Africa. Kibo is the highest cone where Uhuru Peak stands on Tanzania. It usually takes 4-5 days to climb Kilimanjaro and the huts are located on each day of the trip. The mountain is considered one of the "easier" to climb and it is possible for those with limited mountaineering experience. Avoid altitude sickness by acclimatization is one of the most difficult part.

blog-apa-aja.blogspot.com5. Mount Elbrus, the Caucasus (5642 m) (Europe)

Caucasus is a region in eastern Europe and western Asia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus Mountains and other low areas. Caucasus is sometimes considered part of Asia Tengah.Puncak highest in the Caucasus is Elbrus (5.642m), which is also regarded as the highest mountain in Eropa.Negara-independent states that form the Caucasus today are Russia (North Caucasus District), Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan . Of non-independent territories in the Caucasus include Ossetia, Chechnya, Ingushetia and Dagestan in between. Caucasus is one area that has linguistic and cultural diversity of the most extensive in the world. Known as the southern Caucasus Transkaukasus.Kejadian historic events: the Arab-KhazarPenjajahan Caucasus War by Rusia1991: He knew the status of independent states of Armenia, Georgia, and AzerbaijanDalam Greek mythology, the Caucasus or Kaukasos is one of the pillars supporting the world. Prometheus was chained there by Zeus.

blog-apa-aja.blogspot.com6. Vinson Massif (4897 m) (Antarctica)

Mountain Range: Sentinel Range, Ellsworth MountainsLokasi: AntartikaTinggi: 4892 meters or 16,067 feet Vinson is known as one of the most inaccessible ranges in the world, and only 800 miles from the South Pole. The mountain was unknown and unsuspected until 1957. Not until 1966 and 1967, the first ascent was made to the peak. The most difficult part of the Vinson Massif is its inaccessibility, but now there are several tour operators who offer a no man's land.

blog-apa-aja.blogspot.comPuncak Jaya, Indonesia (4884 m) (Oceania)

Puncak Jaya is a peak that is part of the Barisan Sudirman located in the province of Papua, Indonesia. Puncak Jaya has a height of 4884 m and the surrounding glaciers Carstenz there, the only tropical glacier in Indonesia, which most likely will soon disappear due to heating is never named Poentjak global.Puncak Soekarno and is the highest mountain in Oceania. Puncak Jaya is one of the world's Seven Summits Main. Other names: Ngga Pulu ("Ngga" means mountain) Mount Carstensz Pyramid, Carstensz Peak, Carstensz Peak, Peak Jayakesuma, Carstensz Pyramid Ndugundugu 



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