Minggu, 01 April 2012

Indonesian Traditional Music

Homeland (NKRI/Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia) is a country that includes thousands of islands stretching from Sabang to Merauke, where so many of the islands and its people are born, grow and develop various cultural areas. Traditional art which is the identity, the identity and expression from the public media supporters.

Almost all of the NKRI have a special art of traditional music and distinctive. Of uniqueness may seem evident from his playing technique, presentation and form / organologi musical instruments. Traditional art itself has a high spirit of collectivity, so that it can recognize characters and characteristics of the people of Indonesia, namely the famous friendly and courteous.

To learn more about us closer to the traditional music can be categorized into several groups:

Musical Instruments (Percussion) Percussion is the designation for all musical instruments engineering at the game, either by hand or stick. In this case some musical instruments belonging to the Gamelan is a percussion instrument, Kendang, lute, Arumba, Talempong, Sampek and Kolintang, Tambourine, napkin, Jimbe and so forth.

Gamelan is a musical instrument made ​​of metal, gamelan from central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java, West Java also known as the gamelan and Balinese Gamelan in Bali called. One such device consists of gamelan instruments saron, demung, gong, kenong, slentem, bonang, peking, gender and several other instruments. Besides gamelan have pentatonic melodies / pentatonic.

Kendang is a percussion instrument similar to membranes derived from animal skins (goat). Kendang or Gendang can be found in many parts of Indonesia. In the area of ​​West Java drum has an important role in the dance Jaipong. In Central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java and Bali drums are always used in the gamelan good game to accompany dance, wayang and ketoprak. Tifa is a kind of percussion instrument that can be encountered in the area of Papua, Maluku and Nias. Tambourine is a kind of musical instrument usually used in the breath of Islamic art. tambourine can be found almost in some parts of Indonesia.

Arumba (bamboo strains) originated from West Java daereah. Arumba is a musical instrument made ​​of bamboo played with melodic and rhythmic. Pad the beginning arumba using pentatonic scales, but in its development using diatonic scales.

Kolintang or kulintang came from Minahasa. This instrument has a diatonic scales that all the instrument consists of bass, melodic and rhythmic. Base material made of wood and how to play instruments in time with the use of sticks.

Musical Instruments (Stringed )

Traditional musical instrument that uses a fiddle playing techniques is swiped. Rebab came from West Java, Central Java, Jakarta (Betawi arts). Fiddle made ​​of wood and covered with a thin skin resonatornya, have two strings / strings and has a pentatonic scales. Other traditional musical instruments that have a shape like a resonatornya Ohyan rebab is made ​​from coconut shell. Rebab of this type can be found in Bali, Java and South Kalimantan.

Musical Instruments ( Blown)

Seruling or Suling is a musical instrument made ​​of bamboo wind instrument almost all regions in Indonesia can be found this instrument. Saluang is a wind instrument from West Sumatra, the flute can be found in North Sumatra, Kalimantan. Lembang distilled from the Toraja which has a length of between 40-100 cm by 2 cm diameter.
Tarompet, serompet, Bugle is a type of wind instrument that has a 4-6 hole to blow the tone and the funnel-shaped. The art of traditional music using instruments such as this is a folk art Tapanuli, West Java, East Java, Madura and Papua.

Musical Instruments (Picked)

Kecapi is a stringed musical instrument from West Java region. The Kecapi shape is a wooden box lined above strings / strings, wooden boxes are useful as the resonatore. Musical instrument resembling a zither harp is from Central Java.

Sampek (sampe / sapek) is a musical instrument resembling a guitar comes from Kalimantan. This instrument is made of wood covered with ornaments / beautiful carvings. Other stringed instruments resembling sampek is Hapetan of Tapanuli region, also from South Sulawesi.

Sasando is a stringed musical instrument derived from the East Nusa Tenggara, this harp made of bamboo with a given string / strings while for the resonation made of woven palm leaves that have a half-sphere shape.


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